Indonesia has the largest rubber farm in the world (around 5.5 million hectare, regionalinvestment.bkpm.god.id) and Indonesia is the second highest of latex producer after Thailand. Indonesian utilize latex to produce variety of product, such as tyre rubber, block rubber, crumb rubber, etc. Rubber or Heliantus sp also produce rubber seed, beside latex. Rubber seed isn’t explored as well as latex yet in Indonesia.
Bioproduct technology see this as an opportunity to develop Indonesia’s natural resource. We have conducted some resource to explore rubber seed, such as how to produce biodiesel from rubber seed and how to apply the waste to produce protein.
In 2017, we still concern about rubber, such as the seed and the leaves to be used as BSF’ feed, which is a promising agent for protein production.
Black Soldier Fly (BSF) have become a trending topic for last few decades because the BSF larvae (BSFL) is able to convert organic waste to high protein product, such as feed and protein hydrolysate. BSFL is a biological agent that have important role in our research, especially in applying biorefinery concept. We use Pandanus tectoricus, Kemiri sunan, straw and rubber seed as feed for this bio-converter. The goal of our research about BSFL is to find optimum condition of its cultivation so that it can be applied in bio-industrial scale.
In 2017, we are trying to do community development in Bandung about BSFL. We are going to produce fertilizer from straw and guide local community in a village in Bandung to do such thing so that they can improve their live by BSFL cultivation. To know more about BSFL, click more info beside.
Reutealis trisperma or locally known as ‘kemiri sunan’ is native to Philipinnes but also cultivated in small scale in Indonesia. This plant also finds in Papua, buat it is very hard to find a publication about ‘kemiri sunan’ from Papua, Indonesia.
Local community does not consider this plant as an expensive natural resource because it is non-edible and poisoned seed. It is different with common candlenut, which is used as a spice for cooking. Our team conduct a research about valorisation of R. trisperma from Papua to produce biodiesel and protein. The research also uses biorefinery concept and to know more about the research, click more info beside.
Beside research, we also did a community service in Pajagan Village, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia. We socialized about ‘kemiri sunan’ to the local community and our main goal was to utilize 5 hectares farm there on producing bio-product with biorefinery concept. To know more about the community development, click here.
Lemongrass or Cymbopogon winterianus, a native plant from Indonesia, has ability to produce essential oil from its leave, which known as citronella oil. Lemongrass grow well in vary site of Indonesia and does not need high maintenance to grow them.
Current production process of citronella oil in Indonesia is done by extraction process without taking care of the residue whereas the yield of essential oil production is just 0.8%. We valorise the residue to produce cattle feed. The result show that lemongrass residue meets the requirement of Indonesian National Standard for cattle feed. To know more about this research, click more info beside.
Azolla microphylla is fern in Salviniaceae family. It has high grow rate and able to live well in tropical area, including Indonesia. Fact that Azolla contain high protein and easy to grow attract our interest to conduct research about it. Actually, people have cultivated it before but we add innovation to the research.
Bioengineering, biorefinery and bioindustry concept is applied to this research. We look for optimum condition for the cultivation by differ the light condition and also the medium. In addition, we extracted protein to produce protein hydrolysate from Azolla. To minimize the waste of extraction process, we create biogas system. We used the extraction residue as a feed for biogas production, together with cow feces.